Marijuana effects on brain, body and in our social lives

What are marijuana effects in the brain?
Here we are going to explain precisely what happens when we smoke marijuana.
 
You can plant cannabis in almost every country in the world, and this explains her massive spread.
 
Marijuana has adverse effects on our brain due to two of the primary active ingredients in cannabis which are THC and CBD.
 
THC can make you feel high, lightheaded, happy and relaxed.
You may experience altered perception- Colors may look more intense, music may sound better.
 
Your sense of time may be distorted because marijuana alters the blood flow to the cerebellum.
 
Heavy users may experience impairment of attention, memory, and perception.
 
Marijuana activates the peripheral vision and is a common side effect. Also, eyes can become bloodshot as blood vessels expand.
 
When someone smoke marijuana THC quickly passes from lungs to the bloodstream. The blood carries THC to the brain and other organs.
 
Marijuana has both short and long-term effects on the brain.

Short-term effects:

  • Short-term memory problems
  • Severe anxiety
  • Paranoia-Feeling like someone is after you
  • Hallucinations
  • Problems with coordination
  • Increased heartbeat and sexual issues.

Long-term effects

Marijuana affects the brain development.
When someone has started using marijuana as a teenager may experience a decline in IQ sometimes up to 8 points lower.
 
It may lead to antisocial behaviors like stealing money or lying.
 
People who smoke 1-3 joints daily may have increased risk of lung cancer.
Anandamide in marijuana can lower men’s sperm count.

Physical effects

Studies have shown that marijuana smoke irritates the lungs.
 
Users may experience increased coughs and breathing problems same as those who smoke tobacco.
 
They are also at a significant risk for lung infections and lung cancer. 
 
Marijuana users may experience an increased heart rate of 20-50 beats/minute.
 
The pregnant woman, who smoke during pregnancy, are putting their baby in danger.
 
The baby may be born with under healthy birth weight and increased risk of having a brain and behavioral problems.
 
Children exposed to marijuana have an increased risk of problems with attention and memory compared with unexposed children.
 
How marijuana affects someone’s life?
Research has shown that marijuana affects the memory and learning.
 
It also has been demonstrated that people who smoke pot daily may be functioning at a reduced intellectual level most or all the time.
 
Marijuana users have reported having:
  • poor memory
  • poor health
  • relationship problems with family or friends
  • antisocial behavior like stealing money
  • low life satisfaction
  • dependence 
Users also report that they are not able to keep a job for an extended period.

Can you overdose on marijuana?

Overdose means consuming too much and that quantity may seriously threaten your life. Cannabis itself cannot kill the human body, but it is possible to overdose regarding overconsumption.
 
Cannabinoid act in Basal Ganglia, Hippocampus, and cerebellum which control cognitive and movement.
 
Acts in some receptors that are not located in the brainstem, responsible for breathing and heart.
 
People that have consumed too much marijuana have experienced anxiety and paranoia.
 
Is marijuana stronger now than it was before?
Drug reports show that average THC percentage in the world is 8%-10%.
The exception makes Netherlands where THC may go to 16%. 
 
With some techniques, THC levels can achieve 27-30%.
 
It means that first-time users expose themselves to high levels of THC which in the long run may cause that person to be addicted.
 
Is marijuana addictive?
YES, it is addictive.
Statistics show that of all people who use marijuana 1 in 11 people will become addicted.
Those people who start smoking since they are teenagers 1 in 6 will become addicted.
 
 
Sources:
https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/research-reports/marijuana/what-are-marijuana-effects
https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/research-reports/marijuana/how-does-marijuana-use-affect-school-work-social-life
https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/research-reports/marijuana/marijuana-addictive
http://www.businessinsider.com/us-canada-marijuana-spending-legal-illicit-2017-1
Image from pixabay 
 
 
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Kellee Wilging
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Kellee Wilging

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