How do phytochemicals help prevent diseases

Phytochemicals mean”Plant chemicals.” The scientist has identified thousands of different phytochemicals.

You can find them in vegetables, fruits, beans, whole grains, nuts, and seeds. Eating a lot of plant food rich in phytochemicals may help to prevent at least one in every five cases of cancer.

It will also help to prevent heart disease. Phytochemicals functions are:

1-Stimulate the immune system. The body’s defense against viruses, bacteria, and other disease-causing agents.
2- Prevent carcinogens(cancer-causing substances) from forming in the body. Carcinogens may develop in the food we eat, from what we drink and absorb from the environment.
3-Slow the growth rate of cancer cells.
4-Reduce the inflammation that provides a setting favorable for cancer growth.
5-Prevent DNA damage and help with DNA repair mechanisms.
6-Help to regulate hormones such as estrogen and insulin. Excess production of these hormones increases the risk of breast and colon cancer.
Your daily menu should include fruits and vegetables. It will make sure that you are getting all essential phytochemicals.
Here are some of the foods, their color, and phytochemicals they contain:
Red foods
    • Red apples
    • blood oranges
    • red grapes
    • strawberries
    • watermelon
    • peppers
    • onions
  • tomatoes.
They contain carotenoids, flavonoids, polyphenols, terpenes.
Benefits: They improve memory function, help heart health, urinary tract health. Also, reduce the risk of some cancers.
    • Apples
    • apricots
    • cantaloupe
    • grapefruit
    • lemon
    • mangoes
    • oranges
    • peaches
    • carrots
    • peppers
  • pumpkin.
They contain Carotenoids, Bioflavonoids.
    • They act as an antioxidant
    • Improve heart health vision health,
    • boost the immune system.
  • Reduce the risk of some cancers.
White foods: Bananas, pears, garlic, ginger, mushrooms, onions, turnips, whole grain, rye, flaxseed.
They contain Flavonoids, inositol, isoflavones, allicin, phytates, Isothiocyanates.
    • Maintenance of healthy cholesterol levels
    • Improve heart health
    • reduce the risk of some cancers
  • inhibit tumor growth.
Green foods:
    • Green apples
    • kiwi
    • artichokes
    • asparagus
    • broccoli
    • cucumbers
    • lettuce
  • spinach.
They contain Carotenoids, flavonoids, indoles, glucosinolates, isoflavones.
Benefits: They serve as an antioxidant, reduce the risk of cancer, help vision health.
Blue/Purple FoodsBlueberries, blackberries, plums, dried plums, purple cabbage, purple peppers.
They contain Anthocyanins, phenolics, flavonoids, polyphenols.
    • They serve as an antioxidant anti-aging
    • Improve memory function
  • reduce the risk of some cancers.

Conclusion: Food rich in phytochemicals are very important for your health. They have numerous health benefits. Fresh, colorful fruits and vegetables are the best way to prevent cancer and many other diseases.

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